- Lack of insulin production-
It is the leading cause of type 1 diabetes. It occurs when the insulin-producing cells in our body are damaged or destroyed and eventually stop the production of insulin. It is needed to move blood sugar into cells throughout the whole body. The resulting insulin deficiency can leave too much sugar in the blood and not enough in the cells for energy.
- Genes and family history-
Genetics is another factor that plays a significant role in determining how likely you may develop some diabetes. The biologists do not fully understand the role of genetics in getting diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, research shows that if you have a parent or a sibling with diabetes, your chances of getting it yourself increase.
- Gestational diabetes-
A few percentages of pregnant women may get gestational diabetes. It’s thought that hormones produced in the placenta interfere with the body’s insulin response. It leads to insulin resistance and also high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Women who produce gestational diabetes during their pregnancy are at huge risk for developing type 2 diabetes later. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, women that give birth to a baby that weighs more than 10 pounds are also a huge risk.
Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you grow old, the risk of developing diabetes increases after the age of 45 in particular. Although, the occurrence of type 2 diabetes is increasing among children, adolescents, and young adults. Few factors include decreased muscle mass, reduced exercise, and weight gain as you age. The age of 30 usually diagnosed with diabetes.
Excess body fat is the main reason for insulin resistance. Fatty tissue causes inflammation that can lead to insulin resistance in the body. Also, many overweight people do not develop diabetes, and more studies needed on the link between diabetes and obesity.
- Poor diet-
According to the American Diabetes Association, inadequate or poor nutrition can develop into type 2 diabetes. A diet that is high in calories, fat, and cholesterol increases your body’s resistance to insulin.
- Lack of exercise-
Exercise ensures muscle tissue respond better to the insulin in the body. Constant resistance training and aerobic exercise can lower your diabetes risk.
- Hormonal conditions-
Although this condition is rare, certain hormonal conditions can also lead to diabetes. The following conditions can cause insulin resistance: Cushing’s syndrome that causes high levels of cortisol, which is known as the stress hormone in your blood. It raises blood glucose levels and causes diabetes; Acromegaly happens when the body makes a lot of growth hormone. It can lead to excessive weight gain and diabetes; Hyperthyroidism develops when the thyroid gland produces a lot of thyroid hormone. Diabetes is one of the complications of this condition.